Ideally your diet should contain
Calories – 1500 – 1800 kcal
Proteins – 10 – 20 %
Fats – 20 5
Carbohydrates – 60 %
Salt – 2.5 – 3 gms
Fibre – 20 – 35 gms
Meal planning helps to
- Control weight
- Control Blood Glucode Level
- Control blood lipid levels
- Reduce your chances of medication
- Improve overall health
Simple dietary modifications can help a lot in maintaining the optimal blood glucose levels. A proper diet puts you in the drivers seat in your journey towards diabetes control While making a diet plan you should keep the following points in mind
it is essential for you to take a well balanced diet, the diet which provides just enough calories to maintain ideal body weight. Since obesity is an independent risk factor for diabetes and its complications, reduce your calorie intake in order to achieve your ideal body weight.
It is advisable to take small frequent meals. This reduces the chances of sudden high sugars. Never skip or delay a meal. Fasting and crash diet can be dangerous for your diabetes.
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in our diet. The most beneficial carbohydrate sources are whole grains,cereals and some fruits because they are absorbed in the body slowly and are unlikely to cause a sudden rise in blood sugar levels.
Jams, jellies, jiggery and fruits like mango, banana, pineapple, grapes and cheeku contain simple sugars and can raise the blood sugar levels instantly. Therefore you should avoid taking these foods.
proteins are essential for growth, development and tissue repair. Some rich sources of protein are pulses, cheese, skimmed milk and milk based preparations.
People with kidney disease should restrict protein intake .
Fats are concentrated sources of energy. All vegetable oils are known to be beneficial and can be taken in moderate amounts use of sunflower, groundnut, mustard, corn, olive and palm oil in rotation is advisable.
Saturated fats (ghee, butter, vanaspati) should be avoided as they accumulate in blood vessels dampening the blood flow.
Vitamins and minerals:
Adequate intake of Vitamins and minerals is recommended(green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, milk, cereals, nuts) to prevent target organ damage.
Avoid taking alcohol because :
Alcohol contains empty calories (without any nutrients) which can lead to weight gain.
Alcohol can interact with drugs
Long term use can damage the liver and increase the complications