Open/Close Menu India is the diabetes capital of the world
Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism— the way the body uses digested food for energy. The digestive tract breaks down carbohydrates—sugars and starches found in many foods—into glucose, a form of sugar that enters the bloodstream. With the help of the hormone insulin, cells throughout the body absorb glucose and use it for energy. Insulin is made in the pancreas, an organ located behind the stomach. As the blood glucose level rises after a meal, the pancreas is triggered to release insulin. Within the pancreas, clusters of cells called islets contain beta cells, which make the insulin and release it into the blood.
Diabetes develops when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively, or both. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood instead of being absorbed by cells in the body. The body’s cells are then starved of energy despite high blood glucose levels.

Diagnostic criteria for diabetes

Diagnostic criteria for diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

Warning symptoms of diabetes

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness and tiredness
  • Delayed wound healing
  • Numbness in hands and feet
  • Blurred vision
  • Itching in genitals

Screening

All people in the society should undergo testing for diabetes if they have any of the below risk factors for Diabetes

  • Individual with positive family history of diabetes
  • Over weight individuals
  • Person who has high blood pressure or hyperlipidemia
  • Those with previous bad obstetric history
    Recurrent abortions
    Still birth
    Congenital malformation
    Big baby (over 3.5 kg at birth)
  • Those under mental stress
  • Physically inactive people (sedentary jobs)
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